Definitions

Sweetness.

The Home Wine Program uses the following definitions for sweetness.                                                                                                                     

Dry                                 up to 4g/l sugar                   

Medium dry              from 4 to 12g/l              

Medium sweet        from 12 to 45g/l              

Sweet                          above 45g/l       

Dessert                       above 80g/l              

The figures for dry through to sweet are in accordance with EU regulations and that for dessert is from the US Department of Agriculture.

 

What is the body of a wine?

The body of a wine is the full mouth feel. If you know the difference in mouthfeel between skimmed and full fat milk then you can liken those to light and full bodied wines. The body of a wine is influenced by the amount of soluble solids and these come from substances including proteins, minerals, acids, pectin and sugars. The following scale was derived by studying tasting notes for several wines from a panel of judges, and comparing them with the calculated soluble solids levels.

Very light                                up to 1% 

Light                                         from 1 to 1.8%

Light to medium                from 1.8 to 2.6%

Medium                                  from 2.6 to 3.3%

Full                                            from 3.3 to 4%

Very full                                  above 4%

 

Tannin.

Tannins are phenolic compounds found in the skins of many fruits and contribute a degree of bitterness.

The tannin content of white wines is usually up to 0.05%, and rose’ wines contain around 0.08%. 

Reds range from around 0.12% for lighter wines to 0.25% for the heavier ones.